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Variations in resting metabolic rates of men in Antarctica

first_imgThe resting metabolic rates (RMR) of 6 men was determined monthly for 12 consecutive months, at Rothera Base, Antarctica (67°34′S, 68°07′W). Body weight and body composition were also recorded. Metabolic rates were within the range of those found in past polar studies, and of young men in the UK, but varied considerably from month to month. The RMR had a mean range of 30% (p<0.01), with individual ranges of up to 38%. Mean RMR was high in spring, summer and autumn, and low in winter. While these patterns appeared to be associated with a well defined annual cycle of activity, variations could not be correlated with periods of intense activity, individually or for the group.last_img read more

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How will the budget affect you?

first_imgMinister Pravin Gordhan used his 2014 Budget speech to lay the “foundation for a new bold direction”. (Image: GCIS) • Jabulani Sikhakhane Spokesperson Department of Finance +27 12 315 5944 • South Africa Budget 2014 – all you need to know • National Development Plan to grow jobs • South Africa is ‘Country of the Future’ • South Africa: Sound investment destination, emerging market that matters • Gordhan: we can do betterSulaiman PhilipIt’s the first declaration of the Freedom Charter and Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan used it in his 2014 Budget speech to remind us that we are all in this together – “South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black and white”. That was before he went on to remind those with vices – smokers and drinkers – that they would be asked to pay more for the benefit of citizenship.That toot of tobacco and that snort of liquor will now cost more: a pack of cigarettes rises by 68c and a bottle of whiskey by R4.80 a bottle. Along with the 9c increase on a 340ml can of beer, these increases take effect immediately.Not that it matters though. From 2 April, it will cost you more to drive to your favourite bar or liquor outlet. The fuel levy increases by 12c a litre and the road accident levy goes up by a further 8c. Combined with a weaker rand – and the rand fell again the morning after Gordhan presented his Budget – this means that South Africans can expect at least another petrol price increase in the near future. Minister Gordhan followed tradition with the annual increases in sin taxes but he tried, in a difficult economy, to ease the pain of a global economy slowly emerging from meltdown. The best news was the R9.25-billion worth of tax relief going to ordinary taxpayers.The direct tax burden in the form of tax bracketing and rebates will be adjusted to balance the effect of inflation. About 40% of the relief will go to taxpayers who earn below R250 000 per year. This measure is aimed at the 69% of taxpayers who earn R250 000 or less and pay 17% of the money collected by the fiscus. This will provide limited real relief but the government hopes it will encourage more saving by the population. “We recognise that households must be encouraged to invest in their futures,” Gordhan said.The other big personal tax respite was also aimed at low income earners – the tax-free lump sum pay-out from retirement funds will be increased from R315 000 to R500 000.Small business owners were probably the biggest winners in this year’s budget. But it’s all relative. The minister announced a reform of the tax regime to ease the compliance burden for entrepreneurs, and he allocated R10.3-billion for manufacturing development incentives over the next three years – the new administration is bound by this budget for that period.The special economic zones spread across the most disadvantaged parts of the country have been given a further R3.6-billion to promote exports and generate jobs. Accepting that these areas were also heavily dependent on agriculture, Gordhan announced training and financial support for 500 000 subsistence and small hold farmers.This is a Budget with few surprises, and little to be enthused about. Not that Gordhan had much wiggle room, given the state of the economy and with an election looming. He used this budget, the last of this administration, to lay the groundwork to move forward with adopting the National Development Plan (NDP).The South African economy, while performing better than some, is treading water. Gordhan took note of this and tightened the reins on public spending but laid the foundation for real adoption of the NDP. Schools and hospitals will receive almost R400-billion over the next three years, and other public investment on infrastructure will amount to R847-billion over that period. The real challenge with large scale spending is execution, to ensure that expenditure supports efficient and productive outcomes.In real terms, government expenditure is limited to 1.9% over the next three years – lower than any year since 1994 – in an attempt to reduce the budget deficit.Taken at face value the 2014 budget is a brave combination of populist tax breaks, monetary rectitude, more money for schools and hospitals, and a dollop for infrastructure.Gordhan explained: “Mister President, the next administration will inherit sound public finances, a platform for implementation of the NDP and a framework for collaboration with all stakeholders in driving social and economic transformation going forward.”Minister Gordhan delivered the final budget speech of President Jacob Zuma’s first administration (Image: GCIS)last_img read more

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Boon for South Africa as BRICS evolves into global institution

first_imgWith interaction between BRICS countries increasing and trade rising, the grouping of Brazil, Russia, India China and South Africa is transforming from a loose economic category into a global governance institution – with significant benefits for South Africa. BRICS is looking to transform itself from an economic concept into a governing institution, which could make the organisation a global powerhouse in coming years. (DIRCO) Shamin ChibbaBRICS, the group of emerging nations comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, is transforming itself from a loose economic category to a global governance institution. Just how the countries will interact with each other was the question discussed at the Brand South Africa BRICS Research Roundtable in Johannesburg on Wednesday 30 September.The conversation focused on the outcomes of the Seventh BRICS Summit held in Ufa, Russia, in July this year, one of which was the institutionalisation of BRICS. This, said Brand South Africa’s general manager of research, Petrus de Kock, could deepen ties between the five nations.Interaction between BRICS members has increased over the last six years, with commitments rising from 15 to 68 between 2009 and 2014. And when it comes to implementation, the group has outdone itself. “Based on research conducted by the BRICS Research Group, and other analysts, the BRICS have achieved a 70% implementation rate in terms of implementing summit decisions,” De Kock said.This, he said, indicated progress, and that all member states were buying in to the grouping. Brand South Africa general manager for research, Petrus de Kock, says South Africa has benefited financially and politically since joining BRICS in 2011.Mandy Rutgers, head of communications at the Gauteng Growth and Development Agency – the co-host of the roundtable – said BRICS had been the engine powering the world’s economic recovery after the 2008 financial crisis.Another sign that relations are at a high is that Russia and China have openly backed South Africa, India and Brazil to play an increased role on the UN Security Council.South Africa is reaping the financial benefits of BRICS membership: total trade with its peers increased from around R90-billion in 2010 to nearly R150-billion in 2014.Catherine Grant Makokera, trade negotiator and senior associate at Tutwa Consulting, said trade between BRICS nations was still mainly bilateral, and could improve further. China, she said, benefited most from the grouping. “At the moment, it’s a hub-and-spoke configuration with China in the middle. Trade between the other four is still fairly limited.” Mandy Rutgers, head of communications at the Gauteng Growth and Development Agency, credits BRICS for tugging the global economy out of the 2008 recession.Bring more Chinese to our shoresGarth Shelton, professor of international relations at Wits University, said China would likely make up most of the 70% implementation rate cited by the BRICS Research Group.For this reason, he said, South Africa should take advantage of five Chinese growth factors predicted for the next 10 years. These are:China’s economic growth will continue to riseIt will import $10-trillionIt will invest $500-billion internationallyThere will be 400-million outbound Chinese touristsIts middle class population will increase by 600-millionShelton said South Africa should work on attracting more Chinese investors and tourists by, for example, providing information in Mandarin – as Mozambique now does – and offering more entertainment.South Africa should also develop a special Chinese economic zone to attract investment and new skills, Shelton said. It should also improve transport infrastructure for goods. Chinese colleagues of his, he said, had suggested that building a railway to Kenya would boost South Africa’s economy.South Africa is a leader in many fieldsRead more: /economy/4134-south-africa-is-a-leader-in-many-fields#ixzz3nKE3eSXalast_img read more

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New Video: Geocaching Etiquette

first_imgNever be embarrassed again when asked if you put the fork on the right side of the geocache or the left. Become a geocaching etiquette champion after watching this quick, fun Geocaching Etiquette video. You’ll develop good trading habits, learn all about trackables, what to do around muggles and more. Watching the video is a great way to add a new confidence and joy to your geocaching adventure in just two minutes.To help those new to geocaching, share your etiquette tips below in comments or on the Geocaching Facebook page.Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedNew Quiz: Do You Know Your Geocaching Manners?August 17, 2015In “Geocaching Quizzes”5 Geocaching Etiquette TipsFebruary 24, 2014In “Community”Trackable Do’s and Don’tsJune 16, 2014In “Learn”last_img read more

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ITU Leaks And Hacks: The Internet Strikes Back

first_imgThe ITU released this statement in response, ironically detailing that while some delegates were frustrated at being unable to access online documents, “a spirit of camaraderie prevailed, with those who had access to up-to-date online versions of the texts willingly sharing with other delegates in order to keep discussions moving forward.”If anything, though, this move could backfire on the hackers responsible, giving the conference additional credence and legitimacy to push for more cybersecurity.  Whatever happens long term, the world is watching and waiting as the story develops. We’re still at the halfway point of the conference, which concludes Friday, December 14. And no matter what the delegation decides, it will then be up to individual governments to approve or reject any decisions.Let’s just hope they make the right choices…because in the name of security, the wild and wooly Internet we know and love could go the heavily regulated route of radio and television. And it would never be the same again.Photo Courtesy Of itupictures adam popescu Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… In the span of 24 hours, two major strikes against the secretive International Telecommunication Union‘s World Conference on International Telecommunications in Dubai point to the Internet community hitting back in an attempt to bring transparency – and disruption – to the 12-day meeting of world governments about the future of the Internet (see Free And Open? World Governments Discuss The Internet In Secret). Alleged leaked documents and a hack against the conference has the Web buzzing.The LeakAt the core of the controversy is one of the meeting’s major issues: Deep packet inspection (or DPI) technology, a Web surveillance tool.Australian journalist Asher Wolf claims she got a hold of alleged “secret documents” on DPI (providing a road map for how to regulate sites like BitTorrent) via the ITU’s Toby Johnson. She says Johnson emailed her and asked her not to publish the unedited documents. But she did anyway. In a comment to ReadWrite, Wolf said she never claimed the documents were leaked. “It was the media who used that word,” she explained. Wolf says the material was already available online in draft form, and criticized the media for not bothering “to ask for copies of relevant documents before the ITU’s DPI recommendations were ratified.”“Regardless whether the document is considered ‘leaked’ or not, I think the reaction to the publication of the document suggests there’s a disconnect when it comes to internet policy, media coverage and public awareness,” Wolf said. The ITU’s Johnson also denied that the documents were leaked, first on Twitter then in a private email exchange.   Johnson says the documents are unedited material, and not secret. Here’s the ITU’s rationale for DPI use, which strangely enough, was written in response to the Center for Democracy and Technology‘s publication on Wednesday of the ITU adopting a new international DPI technological standard. Johnson says the documents in question, which can be found via a search on the ITU site (Y.2770), will be published in the coming weeks with minor editorial changes.“I sent a pre-published version of the standard in question (Y.2770) to a journalist/activist that had expressed an interest,” Johnson said. “Pre-published means that it’s available only to members while some final editing is done. It is by no means a secret document. It’s just subject to some final tweaks before being published. I’d rather she hadn’t published it in that form but it’s no big deal.”But despite Johnson’s candor, it is a big deal. Why? Because this back and forth hints at a lack of openness between the ITU and the outside world. And if the nonprofit CDT’s reporting is correct, that means that the DPI standard was adopted before the conference. “DPI technologies are nothing new of course,” Johnson wrote in email response. “The proposal to standardize comes from our members (mostly private sector) and is a way of making it easier for manufacturers to take into account these requirements.”At this point, it’s still not clear why Johnson would send unedited material, but what is clear is how fast the finger pointing and ownership of the messaging of this conference and this gaffe is coming into play. The overall rhetoric from the ITU is that it’s here to better the Internet community. But the Web isn’t buying it.“The whole question of whether the document was leaked or not kind of implies that the process isn’t as open as it might be,” says Jim Fenton, chief security officer of digital identity service OneID, and formerly of Cisco Systems.Fenton says while the content of the documents themselves aren’t that surprising, the lack of transparency between the public and the ITU is worrisome. In other words, PR missteps and poor timing are bringing to the forefront questionable ITU behavior, even if the material it did send was in fact public – or at least soon to become so. The HackAnd then there’s the hack. On Wednesday, the ITU’s site was knocked off-line for two hours, allegedly by members of the Anonymous collective, allegedly in response to the DPI standard‘s shady introduction.  Anonymous released this video aptly titled: “Keep our Internet free!” Tags:#ITU#online#privacy#security 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostinglast_img read more

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Farmers clash with U.P. police

first_imgFarmers, demanding better compensation for their land acquired for a residential project here, clashed with the police on Saturday when government officials visited the site to clear encroachment.Several injured Several farmers were injured as police lathicharged the protesters, used tear gas and water cannons. Many policemen, including the Additional SP, were also injured as the protesters threw stones at them, District Magistrate Devendra Kumar Pandey said. The farmers are demanding better compensation for their land acquired for the Trans-Ganga City project, an upcoming township near Kanpur. Mr. Pandey, however, said the farmers have been adequately compensated. “There is a faction of anti-social elements who are misleading the farmers and others for their selfish motives, despite the fact that their grievances have already been resolved,” he said.Two arrested Those who threw stones are mostly anti-social elements, Mr. Pandey said, adding that two people have been arrested in connection with the incident. Local BJP MLA Pankaj Gupta, who went to the spot on coming to know of the clash, asked officials to resolve the matter.last_img read more

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ER bags first position in suburban traffic earnings

first_imgKolkata: Eastern Railway has secured the first position, both in suburban passenger traffic and also for earnings among suburban sections of all the Zones in Indian Railways.It may be mentioned here that in 2017-18, the Eastern Railway has succeeded in carrying 1,031.48 million suburban passengers, indicating a growth of 3.46 percent over last year. It has also earned Rs 628.93 crore during 2017-18 from just suburban passenger traffic, registering a growth of 4.20 percent. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsEastern Railway has carried a total of 1,223.15 million passengers during 2017-18, which is 3.29 percent higher than that of the previous year. An earning of Rs 2,668.06 crore was also registered, which is 3.44 percent higher than the amount earned during 2016-17. Eastern Railway has also strengthened ticket checking, helping it to earn extra revenues.To check ticketless travelling, Eastern Railway has further strengthened ticket checking drives all over its jurisdiction, encompassing all the four Divisions like Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol and Malda. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedDuring the financial year 2017-18, around 24.40 lakh cases were found, in which passengers were fined for travelling without or with improper ticket. The un-booked luggage detected also contributed to the generation of extra revenues. This is also 11 percent higher than that of last year. Around Rs 48 crore was realised from vigorous ticket checking drives, registering a growth of 21 percent over the last financial year.last_img read more

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Five ways to keep your skin glowing and healthy during summers

first_imgAdding a healthy layer of sunscreen before stepping out of your house helps a lot. Image Title Even those short walks to lunch or just a visit to a nearby coffee place can risk your skin to direct Sun Exposure. So it’s recommended applying sunscreen or lotions enhanced with antioxidants for an extra skin-health boost before stepping out of your house.Consuming a good amount of water every dayImage Title Higher consumption of water helps you remain hydrated during the heat. Seasonal foods like Watermelon, Leafy greens and berries have a higher concentration of water in them. In fact, watermelon is the best fruit for summers as 91% of it is made of water. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfSweat it outImage Title Working out during summers in the morning is a brilliant elixir that regulates your body temperature as well as removes the toxins from your body. Sweating also increases your blood circulation which also results in improving your skin. So, 30 minutes of work out doesn’t cost much! Revive, Rinse, Repeat!Image Title After getting exposed to direct sunlight your face requires a serious skin revival. Make it a habit of washing you face with cold water every day and clean it with a gentle skin cleanser after every time you arrive home from work. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveKeeping it naturalImage Title A continuous and long-term use of beauty products like BB creams or foundations can cause a damage to your skin. Try to clean your face with a cleanser every time you arrive home and avoid the use of such products as much as possible.last_img read more

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Build a Better App With These 4 Design Essentials

first_img Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now May 23, 2014 A key factor in the success of any app is that it is designed for a specific audience. The product design, look and feel and usability of the app resonate with the particular customer segment it has been created for.So how do you design for success? Steve Jobs once said, “Design is not just what it looks like and feels like. Design is how it works.”Get started with designing your app keeping these things in mind.1. Who is your customer? Potentially, the most important answer in product design is to know who your customer is. You cannot create a product or an app to solve a problem without knowing who you’re making it for. The broader the customer base, the more you restrict your app from becoming a success.Related: Google Hangout: The Best Apps and Tech Tools to Supercharge Your Small BusinessFor example, everyone needs or wants a camera app to take great pictures. Thus, Instagram was born. If you look at the different customer segments of the app, there is an enterprise user, who is typically a company trying to promote their service or product. Then there are individuals who want to take great pictures and share them with their networks.Was Instagram designed for both of these audiences? No.The app was created for individuals to share their life with friends and family. Companies using the app was and is incidental. Even today, the app is aimed at individuals.2. Spend time to understand your customer. Once you know who your customer segment is, you need to spend time to understand them better. You need to be aware of their habits, when they are faced with the problem you’re trying to solve, when are they most likely to use your app, etc.The more insight you have into their behavior, the better you can create a product that fits into their lives seamlessly, thereby creating a habit-forming app.For example, if your customer is an enterprise, with the product being used mostly during the day at work, your customer will be on their desktop/laptop more often than their mobile phone. In this case, you may want to build your product as a web-first and offer the mobile app as a value add. Think Basecamp.However, if your customer is someone who will be using your product on the go, you’ve got to create a mobile-first experience and extend it to the web as a value add. Think Instagram.3. Drive emotions. How do you feel when you look at certain products? Does it make you feel anything? Colors are scientifically proven to drive certain emotions in people and that is one of the reasons why you see specific colors in certain logos and product design.When you understand your customer and when the app will be used, design with a look and feel that stimulates an emotion that you would like your customer to experience.Related: The Psychology of Color in Marketing and BrandingFor example, if you look at Canvsly, the design is playful and bright and goes well with the theme of the app. The look and feel of this app instantly connects with parents, invoking emotions connected to their child.4. Drive ease of use. In the biography of Steve Jobs, he tells the author, “Most people make the mistake of thinking design is what it looks like. People think it’s this veneer — that the designers are handed this box and told, ‘Make it look good!’ That’s not what we think design is.”iPhone is a case in point. A phone with just one button was quite revolutionary and changed the way people used their phones. No one could have thought the phone could be made even easier to use. That’s design.On the app side of things, look at the Clear app. The app simplified and beautified the process of to-do lists.Your product has to be efficient, effective, engaging, error tolerant and easy to learn.The dynamics of creating software have changed over the years, when earlier design was only a layer on top of the software that was already created. If you were to do that today, rest assured, users are not going to come back!Related: The 6 Vital Ways to Engage Users of Your App Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 4 min read This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Freelast_img read more

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