When President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, reacting to the violent demonstration which destroyed ArcelorMittal’s facilities at Mount Tokadeh in Nimba, announced that Nimba would shoulder the cost of the damages, it really touched the minds of many Nimbaians. They wondered why the President would be so quick to blame Nimba when the government knew all along what had been going on.The recent situation in Nimba had long been simmering since mid-2013, with the knowledge of the local administrations of Nimba, both past and present.Since early 2013, the youth of Nimba had begun advocating against ArcelorMittal, first by criticizing the Mineral Development Agreements (MDA) between the Government of Liberia and ArcelorMittal-Liberia.After months of consultations with lawyers and some personalities, who could better explain the MDA, the youth began engaging Mittal constructively through dialogue.In July 2013, a group of Nimbaians, under the banner “Concerned Nimbaians for Resigning and Renegotiation,” petitioned the 53rd Nimba Legislative Caucus with calls for the abrogation of the MDA with ArcelorMittal.In their petition, which was signed by 200 youth members from across the county, they said, among other things, that the MDA was done without the collective inputs and participation of the affected communities and it was very ambiguous and not time- conscious.They said, “The indefiniteness of the agreement had raised serious confusion in the minds of Nimbaians [who wanted to know] when the concessionaire would commence and complete the major projects mentioned in the MDA since 2005.”They also claimed that the MDA failed to define clearly when would the 25-year duration begin and elapse and also when would the first revision of the agreement commence?According to them, the MDA did not consider generational changes because in article 34 it called for no other amendments.“A statement which provides that the MDA remain unchanged indicated that any malpractice by the concessionaire under the MDA would be binding on Nimbaians and Liberians at large,” the petition said.“Confidentiality and non – disclosure in Article 6 of the MDA; an amendment to Article VII of the MDA violates the Public Information Act of 2009 and it denounces transparency, accountability and has the ability to promote corruption, dishonesty bribery and among others,” the concerned citizens noted in their petition.About the issue of the social contribution to affected counties, the group quoted Appendix H of the amended MDA since 2007 by saying that the present social contribution was done without considering exploration, production stages, increase in environmental hazards and degradation, growth in return on investment of operation, thereby leaving affected communities victimized and underdeveloped while the company exploits the people and leave the land dusty as had happened in case of LAMCO.With all of these claims, the citizens continued to press on the company through the county leadership, including members of the 53rd Legislature representing Nimba in the Liberian Legislature. On 17th August 2013 about 500 of the youth assembled in the town of Zolowee, which sits at the foot of Mount Tokadeh, which was also the scene of recent violence, to raise alarm over the failure of the government to address their petition.The youth carried a banner, placard and printed “T” shirts with inscription, “Nimba wants full involvement in the MDA, social contribution, based on return on investment, a modern hospital and clinic and Liberians employed over foreigners.” They shouted the slogans: “No turning back! “Mittal Steel Agreement must be changed. “All of this was done constructively in the knowledge of the Government of Liberia; but it appears as though the government was complacent in addressing the youths’ concerns.The youth did not stop there but continued to press on until on the September 6, 2013, when the CEO of ArcelorMittal, along with his entourage, were forced to attend another meeting organized by the Concerned Nimbaians and some citizens so as to formally present their petitions and also get a response from ArcelorMittal’s management.At the September meeting ArcelorMittal CEO, Antonio Carlos Mario, disclosed that within the period of six months ArcelorMittal would be carrying out full employment of Liberians in some key managerial positions which were occupied by expatriates.At this meeting the so-called Tokadeh Progressive Youth for Development, who were at the center of the recent violent demonstration, presented their petition requesting improved of water and health facilities, among others things.The meeting did not end in Zolowee; it extended to Yekepa where on the September 7, 2013, ArcelorMittal committed itself to rehabilitate some facilities, including the hospital, schools and the vocational school in Yekepa, based on the youths’ demands.Based on the commitment made by ArcelorMittal, some Liberians were employed into some key positions of the company upon the departure of the Ghanaian Mining Film “E&P” in December 2013.It was also observed that continued changes are taking place in Yekepa in terms of development.These activities were done with concern and involvement of the then County Superintendent, Madam Christiana Dagadu, and the County’s Legislative Caucus.There were no meetings that the county’s authority would not be part of. Any attempt made by the youth group to do anything, the Superintendent and some members of the caucus would certainly be there to contain it.The recent lawless behavior of the youth group began in March upon the appointment of Fong Zuagele as Superintendent of Nimba County.During the Concern Nimbaians’ last meeting with ArcelorMittal on March 15, 2014, Supt Zuagele, prior to his induction as Superintendent, appealed to the youth to give him a chance to study their concerns as well as the MDA, since he was new in office.Accordingly, he didn’t respond to the youths’ petition until the youth seized the railroad in April and during the seizure the Superintendent as well as the county officials, did not reach there in time to bring the situation under control. It was the police, backed by Emergency Response Unit (ERU) that arrived first, before the arrival of Nimba Caucus and ArcelorMittal’s officials.Again, when the railroad incident was brought to an end, another meeting planned by ArcelorMittal involving the youth, the local county officials as well as members of the Nimba Caucus was held at the Royal Hotel in Monrovia where, according to the youth, all their counts could not be discussed. It was decided to end the Monrovia meeting with the youth and continue it in Nimba so as to discuss the remaining portions of the counts which were not touched in Monrovia.But again, Superintendent Zuagele, failed to convene said meeting; and then the recent violent demonstration that left properties destroyed.The youth formally informed the county authority through a written letter which Supt. Zuagele confirmed having received. Yet, the Superintendent and his closest officials, including Assistant Superintendent for Development, Teeko Yorlay, the County Inspector, Reginald Mehn, preferred to attend a development meeting in other parts of the county instead of attending to scheduled demonstration.Although Supt. Zuagele sent the County Attorney to put a halt to the demonstration, others said Attorney Hector actually went to the scene of the demonstration and tried to dissuade the youth from demonstrating. But in times of crisis, citizens prefer to listen to the County Superintendent rather than any other county official.Some citizens within the community confirmed massive destruction and looting, but again can we say that the disgruntled behavior carried on by these youth was not known to the county leadership, who are the President Sirleaf’s eyes in Nimba County?Complacency in leadership leads to many problems and destruction. This is what has happened in the case of ArcelorMittal. This problem had long been knocking at the door of government, but the government took it lightly until it blew up.While it is true the disgruntled and violent behavior of some Nimba youth brought great destruction and disgrace to the county at large, we should keep in mind that it is always better to deal with issues at the initial stage and finish it once and for all, rather than wait to see it blows up as it did in Nimba.So who takes the blame for all of these damages that we are trying to repair–the government, or the aggrieved demonstrators or the county in general? And if it is the youth, what was the government doing from the onset of the entire troubles?Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
SANTA CLARA — George Kittle, out. Robbie Gould, out. Ahkello Witherspoon, still out.So who’s in for the 49ers tonight against the Seattle Seahawks?As expected, the starting offense is welcome back fullback Kyle Juszczyk and tackles Joe Staley and Mike McGlinchey. Also back in uniform is wide receiver Marquise Goodwin, who didn’t play the past two games and hasn’t had a catch in the past three.Here are what each inactive means: TE George Kittle: His knee and ankle injuries last …
With interaction between BRICS countries increasing and trade rising, the grouping of Brazil, Russia, India China and South Africa is transforming from a loose economic category into a global governance institution – with significant benefits for South Africa. BRICS is looking to transform itself from an economic concept into a governing institution, which could make the organisation a global powerhouse in coming years. (DIRCO) Shamin ChibbaBRICS, the group of emerging nations comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, is transforming itself from a loose economic category to a global governance institution. Just how the countries will interact with each other was the question discussed at the Brand South Africa BRICS Research Roundtable in Johannesburg on Wednesday 30 September.The conversation focused on the outcomes of the Seventh BRICS Summit held in Ufa, Russia, in July this year, one of which was the institutionalisation of BRICS. This, said Brand South Africa’s general manager of research, Petrus de Kock, could deepen ties between the five nations.Interaction between BRICS members has increased over the last six years, with commitments rising from 15 to 68 between 2009 and 2014. And when it comes to implementation, the group has outdone itself. “Based on research conducted by the BRICS Research Group, and other analysts, the BRICS have achieved a 70% implementation rate in terms of implementing summit decisions,” De Kock said.This, he said, indicated progress, and that all member states were buying in to the grouping. Brand South Africa general manager for research, Petrus de Kock, says South Africa has benefited financially and politically since joining BRICS in 2011.Mandy Rutgers, head of communications at the Gauteng Growth and Development Agency – the co-host of the roundtable – said BRICS had been the engine powering the world’s economic recovery after the 2008 financial crisis.Another sign that relations are at a high is that Russia and China have openly backed South Africa, India and Brazil to play an increased role on the UN Security Council.South Africa is reaping the financial benefits of BRICS membership: total trade with its peers increased from around R90-billion in 2010 to nearly R150-billion in 2014.Catherine Grant Makokera, trade negotiator and senior associate at Tutwa Consulting, said trade between BRICS nations was still mainly bilateral, and could improve further. China, she said, benefited most from the grouping. “At the moment, it’s a hub-and-spoke configuration with China in the middle. Trade between the other four is still fairly limited.” Mandy Rutgers, head of communications at the Gauteng Growth and Development Agency, credits BRICS for tugging the global economy out of the 2008 recession.Bring more Chinese to our shoresGarth Shelton, professor of international relations at Wits University, said China would likely make up most of the 70% implementation rate cited by the BRICS Research Group.For this reason, he said, South Africa should take advantage of five Chinese growth factors predicted for the next 10 years. These are:China’s economic growth will continue to riseIt will import $10-trillionIt will invest $500-billion internationallyThere will be 400-million outbound Chinese touristsIts middle class population will increase by 600-millionShelton said South Africa should work on attracting more Chinese investors and tourists by, for example, providing information in Mandarin – as Mozambique now does – and offering more entertainment.South Africa should also develop a special Chinese economic zone to attract investment and new skills, Shelton said. It should also improve transport infrastructure for goods. Chinese colleagues of his, he said, had suggested that building a railway to Kenya would boost South Africa’s economy.South Africa is a leader in many fieldsRead more: /economy/4134-south-africa-is-a-leader-in-many-fields#ixzz3nKE3eSXa
With its wealth of minerals, South Africa is one of the most resource-rich regions on the planet. Add to this its sophisticated financial sector and strong business focus, its skilled people and strategic location, and you have a recipe for investment success.South Africa has a wealth of natural resources. (Image Brand South Africa)South Africa is one of the world’s most promising emerging markets; it is sophisticated, innovative and diverse.Its strategic location at the southern tip of Africa provides an accessible gateway to the rest of the continent, a market of some one billion people.In addition, South Africa itself is worth looking at for investment opportunities: it is one of the economic powerhouses of Africa, is a member of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), and plays a critical role in local development initiatives. The country also currently holds the chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).It has sophisticated financial, legal and telecommunications sectors, with several global business process outsourcing operations.South Africa has a strong tertiary education sector that ensures the availability of highly skilled graduates. Legislation promotes training and skills development, creating an environment to fast-track the building of world-class skills and competences.It has world-class infrastructure, exciting innovation, research and development capabilities and a strong manufacturing base.SA has huge potentialThere is a wealth of natural resources, including gold, coal, platinum, iron ore, manganese, nickel, uranium and chromium. International exploration companies, notably in the oil and gas sector, are particularly interested in South Africa’s potential.The country is a regional leader in the agriculture and agro-processing sector and is at the forefront of developing green technologies and industries, creating new and sustainable jobs in the process and reducing environmental impact.One of the main reasons South Africa is becoming a popular trade and investment destination is because the country ensures it can meet the specific trade and investment requirements of prospective investors: it has a large number of investment incentives and industrial financing interventions. Trade rules favour a further expansion in South Africa’s burgeoning levels of international trade.A number of international airlines service the country, with good flight connections into the rest of the continent.Last, but not least, South Africa is a country of great natural beauty and warm and welcoming people – and has a reputation for delivering value-for-money. From the shores of the oceans to the wildlife reserves of the Highveld to the diversity of its eight World Heritage sites and its culturally significant places, South Africa is an attractive business and leisure destination.Sources: Department of Trade and Industry, Southern African Development Community, South African Yearbook: 2016/17Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Manohar felt the five-man selection panel was an Manohar felt the five-man selection panel was an operational matter of the BCCI and was needed due to the large size of the country. “Its an operational matter. Tomorrow a scenario can happen and all three selectors can be from one place. So many matches are held all over the country simultaneously and its physically impossible for selectors to travel all over and watch. An operational matter cannot be there in the constitution.” Manohar was also opposed to the recommendation that the BCCI office bearers should have a cooling off period to take up another post after their term ends. “I have no issue with 9 years period for office bearers but with the cooling-off period there will not be continuity. Suppose some person is doing very well he cannot continue, its for the board to decide. “Its also not good for office bearers to be told not to hold positions in their home associations (concurrently). This is like – if you become a minister you have to resign as MP. There is no favouritism or conflict of interest here.” PTI SSR ARS AH AH RDS
This solution provides farmers with detailed pictures of crop conditions taken by camera drones and later processed in the cloud. The camera drones can also perform object recognition to warn farmers about live obstacles like deer. Moreover, farmers can perform specific functions such as adjusting nozzle settings according to weather or soil conditions.Bosch also claims to have improved the productivity of its ABS/ESP braking-system manufacturing at its Blaichach, Germany, plant by recording the movement of cylinders, the cycle times of grippers, and the temperature and pressure levels in the manufacturing process. The data collected from RFID tags is delivered to massive databases that digitally map the internal flow of goods.Industry 4.0 chips Semiconductor devices are another key ingredient in Industry 4.0 and IIoT designs. That includes processors for edge computing, memory for data storage, data converters, and wired or wireless connectivity chips for remote sensing and cloud platform links.One example is the Sitara AM6x processor family from Texas Instruments (TI) that enables gigabit industrial communications subsystems for factory automation, motor drives, and grid infrastructure. The processors are built around the convergence of Ethernet and real-time data traffic on a single network. And they support multiple protocols, including time-sensitive networking (TSN), EtherCAT, Ethernet/IP, and PROFINETFigure 3: A block diagram of the Sitara AM6548 multi-protocol processor, which offers gigabit throughputs for industrial connectivity standards like TSN. (Image: Texas Instruments) Share this:TwitterFacebookLinkedInMoreRedditTumblrPinterestWhatsAppSkypePocketTelegram Tags: IoT This TSN-enabled processor integrates a dual-core Arm Cortex-R5F-based microcontroller (MCU) subsystem that can operate in an optional lockstep mode and supports error correcting code (ECC) protection for both on-chip memory and external double-data-rate (DDR) memory. These features allow the processor to boost security and reduce system-level complexity for applications such as programmable logic controllers (PLC) and multi-axis motor drives.The Industry 4.0 platforms are increasingly demanding high-performance PLCs complemented with secure connectivity and human-machine interfaces (HMIs). It’s also imperative that PLCs shrink in form factor and process value chain, while increasing the number of I/O channels, both analog and digital. These PLCs will need to support new I/O protocols such as IO-Link.In addition, the advent of powerful system-on-chip (SoC) solutions is enabling the creation of digital twins, which pair virtual and physical worlds and create data pools that map and link together all the steps of industrial manufacturing. These cyber–physical systems create a virtual copy of the physical world and thus make monitoring physical processes less expensive and more efficient.Factory of the future Industry 4.0 promises a renaissance on the manufacturing floor with end-to-end sensor solutions and services. It facilitates smarter decisions, increasing operational efficiencies, improving yield, boosting engineering productivity, and substantially driving business performance.The reality of Industry 4.0 is finally starting to move forward with an acceleration in the availability of IoT sensors, big data, and AI applications. According to a Gartner Inc. report, in 2018, there were more than 6 billion IoT devices in the field, and the numbers are anticipated to grow to more than 20 billion by 2022.The factory of the future is slowly but steadily taking shape with more powerful processing nodes, more automated production processes, and smarter data analytics tools capable of processing and analyzing massive amounts of factory data in near real time. It’s becoming a reality, one IoT sensor solution at a time.>> This article was originally published on our sister site, Electronic Products: “IoT sensors bring Industry 4.0 into commercial focus.” Industry 4.0 has come a long way since the buzzword was coined at the Hannover Fair in 2011. The journey toward smart manufacturing continues, but what have really made a difference in recent years are the takeoff of the internet of things (IoT) and the advent of artificial intelligence (AI) solutions.Here, it’s worth mentioning that in 2012, General Electric coined the term industrial internet for a multitude of industrial devices intelligently connected to create systems that could monitor, collect, exchange, analyze, and deliver valuable insights. Eventually, the notions of Industry 4.0 and industrial internet began to converge, culminating in the industrial IoT or IIoT.Whatever it’s called, Industry 4.0 or IIoT, the underlying goal is the realization of the fourth industrial revolution after the steam engine, conveyor belt, and information technology (IT) aided by cutting-edge electronics. It takes manufacturing and process automation to a whole new level in which the factories of tomorrow will build connected systems comprising sensors, actuators, and control systems, all linked through different types of networks via the internet protocol (IP).Figure 1: Industry 4.0 marks the next level of digital transformation. (Image: Texas Instruments) What’s also accelerating the Industry 4.0 movement is the integration of AI applications such as fault detection and classification. The combination of IoT and AI technologies is changing the way engineers can manage data, disseminate information, and make real-time decisions in production environments. The use of machine-learning algorithms and robot-based process handling can further optimize modern manufacturing with huge savings in cost and worker-hours.A practical manifestation of Industry 4.0 can be seen at General Electric’s factory in Schenectady, New York. The manufacturing facility for sodium-nickel batteries has installed more than 10,000 sensors scattered across 180,000 square feet of manufacturing space. All of these sensors are connected via high-speed Ethernet.That brings us to one of the fundamental building blocks of Industry 4.0 designs: connected sensors.Internet of sensors Sensors connected via wired or wireless links form the backbone of an Industry 4.0 or IIoT system. The machine data that sensors deliver to the cloud can optimize manufacturing, predict failures, schedule maintenance, and automatically replenish inventory.What’s new in sensors in the Industry 4.0 realm is the convergence of localization and communication for creating precise, indoor-location systems. That allows factories to monitor tools in real time and manage their use by workers to improve efficiency, safety, security, and quality control on assembly lines.These high-precision and location-aware systems use smart wireless sensor solutions. Take the example of Smart Cab, which sensor supplier Bosch has developed in collaboration with CAB Concept Cluster (CCC). It integrates cameras and drones in agricultural vehicles and turns them into connected control centers in the field.Figure 2: Beyond smart manufacturing, the Industry 4.0 initiative is expanding into other areas like connected farming. (Image: CAB Concept Cluster) Continue Reading Previous Rutronik: multiprotocol wireless SoCs and modules from Redpine SignalsNext Silicon Labs: isolated smart switches drive any load in harsh industrial environments Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must Register or Login to post a comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
Here’s Blake Jackson making a “no-look” one-handed catch (via okstate):Remind you of anyone?If you’re looking for the comments section, it has moved to our forum, The Chamber. You can go there to comment and holler about these articles, specifically in these threads. You can register for a free account right here and will need one to comment.If you’re wondering why we decided to do this, we wrote about that here. Thank you and cheers!
The 17-year-olds, from Launceston in Tasmania, are one of several sets of twins competing at the event in 2011, and they say that being a twin on the field does have its benefits, even if they aren’t identical. “Kit normally does the freakish stuff and I’m normally on the receiving end of that, sometimes roles are reversed so there is a bit of a twin thing coming out there sometimes, nothing too telepathic. It certainly shows at some stages how well we know each other,” Dana said. “We can get into each other a bit but we’ve played every single sport in our whole lives together, so when we both fire up we can get pretty in to each other but we’ve been good so far so hopefully we can continue that.”“We are generally pretty good mates outside of it, so we are not too fussed about it,” Kit said. “We are generally pretty competitive people though, we don’t act like it most of the time but when we do something we do it the best that we can,” Dana said. The twins only started playing division one in Launceston last year, with Kit then competing in the 2010 X-Blades National Youth Championships. What once was a sport they just played in the Aussie Rules off-season has now become a sport that the Young’s have become passionate about and hope to progress in. “It’s always been a pre-season thing, but now it’s become something a bit more, it’s a game that we actually look forward to playing over summer and this event reinforces that it would be good to play in later years as well. It’s something we’ll definitely look at playing further,” Dana said. Playing at a National Youth Championships level for the first time, Dana is enjoying the challenge of competing against teams from across the country, and is learning plenty along the way. “Even after one game you pick up a fair bit straight up,” he said. “We are just hoping to upset a few teams and learn a fair bit, we’re looking to be competitive as always, we want to give Tassie the best name we can.”
EU Navfor, October 4, 2013 此页面无法正确加载 Google 地图。您是否拥有此网站？确定 zoom On Wednesday, 2 October 2013 eleven pirates were convicted in the Seychelles Supreme Court of committing acts of piracy and operating a pirate vessel between 7 – 11 May 2012. Their sentences ranged from 18 months to 16 years.The pirates had been apprehended by the Royal Netherlands Navy frigate, HNLMS Van Amstel, on 11 May 2012, after the warship’s Lynx helicopter sighted a suspicious fishing dhow towing 2 skiffs, 400 nautical miles off the Somali coast.When the warship’s boarding team approached the dhow, the Dutch Navy crew found 11 suspected pirates of Somali origin and a total of 17 hostages on board.After taking the suspected pirates to HNLMS Van Amstel, the Dutch boarding team found significant evidence that linked the 11 men to an armed attack on Motor Tanker ‘Super Lady’ a few days earlier.The 17 freed hostages, who were Iranian fishermen, were very grateful to the Dutch sailors for rescuing them from the armed pirates.The Royal Netherlands Navy has contributed warships to the EU Naval Force since the EU counter piracy operation began in December 2008. The current EU Naval Force flagship is HNLMS Johan de Witt, with Commodore Peter Lenselink embarked as the Force Commander. My location Print Close
Beijing: Chinese President Xi Jinping will hold meetings with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Russian President Vladimir Putin and other leaders of the BRICS grouping during the G20 Summit in Japan this week where the talks would be focussed on opposing the “unilateralist” and “protectionist” trade policies of the US, a senior Chinese minister said on Monday. China, which is seeking to build a strong opposition against President Donald Trump using trade and tariffs as a weapon to enforce his “America first” policy, said the issues of “unilateral” and protectionist” policies would be discussed in detail at the meetings of the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) and Russia, India and China (RIC) at Osaka. Also Read – Maruti cuts production for 8th straight month in SepThe G20 summit would be held at Osaka on June 28-29. Chinese President Xi Jinping will go there a day ahead of the Summit to take part in host of informal meetings including his meeting with Trump for key talks to end the bruising trade war between the top two economies of the world. Modi, Xi and Russian President Vladimir Putin met at the recently held Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit at Kirgiz capital Bishkek. Highlighting the importance of Modi-Xi-Putin meeting at Osaka, China’s Assistant Foreign Minister Zhang Jun said, Given the current international landscape, the meeting among the three leaders is also of significance. As you know, China’s relations with Russia and India are showing sound momentum of growth.” Also Read – Ensure strict implementation on ban of import of e-cigarettes: revenue to CustomsWhile informal meetings of the BRICS and the RIC take place in all the multilateral summits, Chinese officials say the Osaka meeting assumes significance as all major countries besides India, China and Russia are facing trade and tariff-related frictions with the US. As China is battling a trade war with US, Chinese officials hope that India, which is also facing trade frictions with the US especially over termination of its designation as a “beneficiary developing country” under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP), would join the fight against Trump’s “protectionist” policies. India has recently announced retaliatory trade tariffs against the US covering 28 US products, including almonds and apples. In the upcoming Osaka summit President Xi will have an informal summit with the BRICS leaders. The discussion topics will fit in well with the agenda of the G20 Summit,” Zhang told media here. The leaders will have good discussions and exchange of views to enhance cooperation to better meet the major challenges facing the international community, uphold the multilateralism and oppose protectionism, he said. The other topics of discussion at the BRICS leaders’ informal meeting will include cooperation on economy, political issues, security and people to people exchanges among group to further deepen cooperation and uphold the good momentum of BRICS cooperation, he said. They will also discuss plans for the successful holding this year’s BRICS Summit in Brazil, he said. “I believe the upcoming informal meeting of the BRICS leaders will contribute to the successful holding of the G20 Osaka summit and help provide new impetuous to global economy,” he said. This informal meeting also help deepen enduring cooperation among BRICS members,” he said. About the RIC meeting, Zhang said the three leaders also maintained close exchanges meeting at different multilateral forums. Under the current circumstances, it is important for the three countries to strengthen coordination on major global issues and jointly uphold multilateralism, oppose protectionism and deepen cooperation on multilateral and international affairs to make important contribution to the global peace,” he said. “At the same time, it can provide impetus for the three countries to enhance cooperation at bilateral level and enhance mutual trust We are confident that the meeting will produce positive results,” he said. Trump, who kicked off the trade war last year, is demanding China to reduce the massive trade deficit which climbed to over $539 billion last year. He is also insisting on China to workout verifiable measures for protection of intellectual property rights (IPR), technology transfer and more access to American goods to Chinese markets. Both the countries have imposed additional tariffs on billions of dollars worth of their exports to each other.